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Everything you need to know about Skin Peels

Title: The Power of Peels: Unveiling Radiant Skin through Chemical Peels


In the quest for youthful and glowing skin, chemical peels have emerged as a popular and effective treatment option. These powerful skincare treatments have the ability to revitalise the complexion, improve skin texture, and address various skin concerns. In this post, we will delve into the world of chemical peels, exploring their benefits, types, and what to expect during and after the treatment.


Understanding Chemical Peels:

Chemical peels are an in clinic cosmetic procedures that involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin, which causes the top layers of the epidermis/dermis to exfoliate and eventually peel off. The process stimulates cellular turnover, revealing fresh, rejuvenated skin beneath.


The Benefits of Chemical Peels:

  • Improved Skin Texture: Chemical peels effectively remove dead skin cells, reducing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and acne scars. They leave the skin smoother, softer, and more youthful.
  • Improved Skin Tone and Pigmentation: Peels can help address hyperpigmentation, sunspots, and uneven skin tone by exfoliating the outer layer and promoting the growth of new, healthier skin cells.
  • Acne and Breakout Control: Chemical peels can be an effective treatment option for acne-prone skin. They penetrate the pores, removing excess sebum and impurities, reducing the occurrence of breakouts.
  • Increased Collagen Production: Certain types of chemical peels stimulate collagen production in the skin, promoting elasticity and firmness. This can help reduce the signs of aging and improve overall skin health.


There are 3 main categories for peels;

  • Superficial Peels: These peels are the mildest and work on the outermost layer of the skin. They are often used to brighten the complexion, treat minor skin discoloration, and refresh the skin.
  • Medium Peels: Medium peels penetrate deeper into the skin, targeting more pronounced wrinkles, acne scars, and uneven pigmentation. They provide more dramatic results but may require some downtime for recovery.


  • Deep Peels: Deep peels are the most intensive type of chemical peels, addressing severe skin concerns like deep wrinkles and scars. They require a longer recovery period and are typically performed under medical supervision.


Different Types of Chemical Peels:

There are different types of chemical exfoliants available, they target different layers of the dermis and perform slightly different functions. Each of these acids has unique properties and benefits for the skin. Let’s explore the differences between AHA, BHA, and TCA:


  1. Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA):

Alpha Hydroxy Acids are a group of water-soluble acids derived from fruits, milk, and sugar cane. Common AHAs used in skincare include glycolic acid and lactic acid.

These gentler acids work by loosening and removing dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, promoting cellular turnover and revealing a fresher, smoother complexion.


– Skin Brightening: AHAs help to improve skin tone, reduce hyperpigmentation, and fade dark spots, resulting in a more radiant appearance – Moisturizing: AHAs have humectant properties, meaning they attract and retain moisture in the skin, helping to improve hydration levels.

– Suitable for Dry or Sensitive Skin: AHAs are generally milder than other chemical exfoliants, making them suitable for individuals with dry or sensitive skin.


  1. Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA):

Beta Hydroxy Acid – BHA is oil-soluble, allowing it to penetrate deep into the pores, the most commonly used is Salicylic. Key characteristics of BHAs include:


– Exfoliation and Deep Cleansing: BHA exfoliates the skin’s surface, unclogs pores, and reduces the production of excess sebum, making it effective in treating acne-prone skin and preventing breakouts.


– Anti-inflammatory and Anti-bacterial Properties: BHAs have anti-inflammatory properties that can help calm redness and irritation associated with acne. They also possess antibacterial properties, making them effective against acne-causing bacteria.


– Suitable for Oily and Acne-Prone Skin: BHAs are particularly beneficial for individuals with oily, acne-prone skin due to their ability to penetrate the pores and control oil production.


  1. Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA):

Trichloroacetic Acid is a stronger chemical exfoliant compared to AHAs and BHAs. TCA is often used in medium to deep chemical peels performed by dermatologists or skincare professionals. Key characteristics of TCA include:


– Deeper Exfoliation: TCA penetrates deeper into the skin layers, promoting significant exfoliation and renewal. It can address more pronounced skin concerns like deep wrinkles, acne scars, and uneven pigmentation.


– Collagen Stimulation: TCA stimulates collagen production, leading to improved skin firmness and elasticity.


– Requires Downtime: Due to its strength, TCA peels typically require a longer recovery period, including redness, peeling, and potential downtime for the skin to heal.


– Requires Professional Application: TCA peels are usually performed by professionals who can customize the concentration and application based on individual needs and skin condition.




What to Expect During and After a Chemical Peel:

  • Consultation: Before undergoing a chemical peel, it is essential to have a consultation with a skincare professional who will assess your skin type, concerns, and recommend the most suitable peel.


  • Treatment Process: During the treatment, the skin is cleansed and degreased for stronger peels. The chemical solution is applied to the face or specific target areas. The peel is left on for a specific duration and may be neutralised or left on.  Your practitioner will choose a moisturising agent and SPF to apply following your treatment



  • Post-Treatment Care: After a chemical peel, the skin may appear red, sensitive, and may start to peel. It is crucial to follow post-treatment instructions provided by your skincare professional, including using gentle skincare products and avoiding sun exposure.


  • Results and Maintenance: The results of a chemical peel become noticeable as the old skin sheds, revealing a fresh complexion. Depending on the peel type, multiple sessions may be recommended for optimal results. Maintaining a skincare routine and practicing sun protection are essential for prolonging the effects of the treatment.


Chemical peels have become a go-to treatment for those seeking to rejuvenate their skin, improve texture, and address various skin concerns. From superficial peels to deep peels, these treatments offer a range of options to suit different needs and desired outcomes. By consulting with a skincare professional and undergoing the appropriate chemical peel, you can uncover radiant and revitalized skin, unveiling a more confident and beautiful you.


It’s important to note that while these acids offer various benefits, they can also increase skin sensitivity to the sun. Therefore, it is crucial to apply sunscreen and protect the skin from UV rays after using any chemical exfoliants.